Original article | Volume 29, Article 105, 08 Feb 2018 | 10.11604/pamj.2018.29.105.14935

CloustonÂ’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

Ahmed Bouhamidi, Mohammed Boui

Corresponding author: Ahmed Bouhamidi, Military Hospital of Instruction Mohammed V, Department of Dermatology, Rabat, Morocco

Received: 22 Jan 2018 - Accepted: 26 Jan 2018 - Published: 08 Feb 2018

Domain: Genetics ,Dermatology,Pediatrics (general)

Keywords: Clouston syndrome, ectodermal dysplasia, genodermatosis

©Ahmed Bouhamidi et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article: Ahmed Bouhamidi et al. CloustonÂ’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;29:105. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2018.29.105.14935]

Available online at: https://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/29/105/full

Home | Volume 29 | Article number 105

Original article

CloustonÂ’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

CloustonÂ’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

Ahmed Bouhamidi1,&, Mohammed Boui1

 

1Military Hospital of Instruction Mohammed V, Department of Dermatology, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

&Corresponding author
Ahmed Bouhamidi, Military Hospital of Instruction Mohammed V, Department of Dermatology, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

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A 2-year-old girl, from a consanguineous and phenotypically normal family. Her mother who brought her to our institution reporting that the child had hair loss, scanty eyelashes and eyebrows since she was two months old. Physical examination revealed severely dystrophic nails and thin scalp hair, fine eyebrows and eyelashes and thin body hair. Hyperkeratotic and desquamative plaques on her palms and soles. The patient did not present changes in sudoresis, dentition or hearing. So with the above clinical findings, a diagnosis of hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia was made, and the patient treated with skin emollients and topic keratolytics, she is under regular monitoring. Clouston syndrome is a rare genodermatosis that affects skin and annexes, it's belong to ectodermal dysplasias, which occur approximately one in every 100,000 births, which are caused by primary defects in the development of two or more tissues derived from the embryonic ectoderm.

 

 

Figure 1: (A) hypotrichosis; (B, C) nail dystrophy; (D) plantar hyperkeratosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original article

CloustonÂ’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

Original article

CloustonÂ’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

Original article

CloustonÂ’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

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Key words

Clouston syndrome

Ectodermal dysplasia

Genodermatosis

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Clouston’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia