Monod´s sign in a rare case of aspergilloma

Souvik Sarkar, Babaji Ghewade

PAMJ. 2023; 45:176. Published 22 Aug 2023 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2023.45.176.41234

A fifty-year-old male came to the casualty with fever, chills, blood in cough, Breathlessness, and right-sided chest pain for 2 months. He had a few episodes of hemoptysis approximately 5-10 ml per episode, of bright red colour. The patient was a chronic alcoholic and also had a history of tuberculosis 11 years back for which he took treatment of 6 months. On examination, he was thin built, febrile, had a pulse rate of 116 beats per minute, a blood pressure of 100/60 mmHg. On respiratory sytem examination a bronchial breath sound was heard in the right mammary region. A chest xray was done of the patient which showed fibro-bronchiectatic changes in the right upper zone. The patient also underwent high resolution computed tomography of the lungs which showed a round enhancing lesion with a surrounding air shadow seen in the superior basal segment of the right lower lobe measuring 2.5 cm x 1.6 cm in size which also changed in orientation with a change in position of the patient; Monod´s sign. Typical Monod´s sign along with air crescent sign. The patient´s serum IgE antibody for Aspergillus fumigatus was positive, and thus a diagnosis of fungal ball or Aspergilloma was confirmed. The patient was started on oral Itraconazole, oral tranexamic acid which controlled the hemoptysis in a week´s duration and was then referred to a thoracic surgeon for pneumonectomy.
Corresponding author
Souvik Sarkar, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research, Wardha, Maharashtra, India (

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