Melorheostosis - a rare and progressive disease

Suyash Yashwant Ambatkar, Megha Dipak Rudey

PAMJ. 2023; 44:69. Published 06 Feb 2023 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2023.44.69.38954

Melorheostosis is a rare and progressive disease characterized by the thickening or widening of the cortical bone. It affects bone as well as soft tissue growth and development. The disorder is benign but often results in severe functional limitation. The incidence of the disease is 1:10,00,000. Both males and females are affected, only 400 cases have been reported until now. A 1-year-old male child was brought to the orthopedics outpatient department (OPD) with complaints of pain and contractures in his right forearm which were increasing with the age of the patient, with no history of medical illness or trauma. On examination, there were soft tissue contractures on the right hand and abnormal cortical thickening of the radius and ulna bones was noted. X-ray of the right forearm with elbow anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral was done which showed sclerosis of the bone along with a characteristic candle wax appearance.
Corresponding author
Suyash Yashwant Ambatkar, Department of Orthopedics, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India (

The Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688) is a subsidiary of the Pan African Medical Journal. The contents of this journal is intended exclusively for professionals in the medical, paramedical and public health and other health sectors.

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