Kyphoscoliosis: clinical image

Pallavi Dhulse, Bibin Kurian

PAMJ. 2023; 44:64. Published 01 Feb 2023 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2023.44.64.38840

The term "kyphoscoliosis" refers to a deviation from the spine´s typical curvature in the sagittal and coronal planes, which may also involve a rotation of the spinal axis. A lateral deviation of more than 10 degrees in the coronal plane, as determined by the Cobb angle, is considered to be an adult case of scoliosis. Postural variation is responsible for lateral variations of fewer than 10 degrees. The terms kyphosis and lordosis describe how the spine curves in the sagittal plane. When the spine is seen laterally, the cervical and lumbar spines both exhibit a degree of lordosis (posterior curvature) that typically ranges between 35 and 80 degrees, while the thoracic spine exhibits a degree of kyphosis (forward curvature) that typically ranges between 30 and 50 degrees. About 1 in 1000 people have the spinal ailment kyphoscoliosis, and about 1 in 10,000 of those people have a severe spinal deformity. A 16-year-old girl complained of deformity in spine, difficulty in breathing, pain, weakness deformity increases significantly and becoming worse was taken to the outpatient clinic. After collection of medical history and physical examination reveal that she has having kyphoscoliosis from 2 year and it increases significantly. Her physical examination and X-ray revealed that she is having Kyphoscoliosis, and thus the doctor referred them to the inpatient unit for additional surgical treatment. Example of disease where kyphoscoliosis can occur include vertebral fracture, scheuermann disease, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Corresponding author
Pallavi Dhulse, Department of Child Health Nursing, Srimati Radhikabai Meghe Memorial College of Nursing, Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India (

The Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688) is a subsidiary of the Pan African Medical Journal. The contents of this journal is intended exclusively for professionals in the medical, paramedical and public health and other health sectors.

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