A rare case of non-contiguous multifocal spinal tuberculosis

Hilal Abboud, Ahmed Elhankari

PAMJ. 2017; 26:157. Published 16 Mar 2017 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2017.26.157.9536

Spinal tuberculosis is defined as an Infection of the intervertebral disc and the adjacent vertebral bodies, caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (MT). It represents 40% of all osteo-articular spondylitis. It is a common disease in Africa, and recently there has been an upsurge in developed countries in relation to Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection. The early management is associated to a good outcome, and the diagnosis relies on imaging and disco-vertebral biopsy, it is characterized by a low amount MT in lesions and involves the slow multiplication MT. The treatment is based on antibacillary associated to surgical treatment in case of neurological deficit, and presence of vertebral column deformities. We report a rare case of a 46 years old patient, treated 3 years ago for pulmonary tuberculosis, who consults for diffuse back pain, the clinical examination finds a conscious patient, with a diffuse spinal syndrome, without neurological deficit or sphincter disorders. The radiological assessment shows a non contiguous multifocal spinal tuberculosis interesting the cervicodorsal and thoracolumbar junction.The patient underwent a vertebral biopsy, the histological examination confirms the spinal tuberculosis. He was proposed to surgical treatment to prevent the kyphosis progression.
Corresponding author
Hilal Abboud, Neurosurgery Department, Med V, Souissi Medical School, Ibn Sina Hospital, Rabat, Morocco (abboud.hilal@gmail.com)

This image

Articles published in PAMJ are Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

eISSN: 1937-8688

The Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688) is a subsidiary of the Pan African Medical Journal. The contents of this journal is intended exclusively for professionals in the medical, paramedical and public health and other health sectors.

Currently tracked by: DOAJ, AIM, Google Scholar, AJOL, EBSCO, Scopus, Embase, IC, HINARI, Global Health, PubMed Central, PubMed/Medline, ESCI

Physical address: Kenya: 3rd Floor, Park Suite Building, Parkland Road, Nairobi. PoBox 38583-00100, tel: +254 (0)20-520-4356 | Cameroon: Immeuble TechnoPark Essos, Yaounde, PoBox: 10020 Yaounde, tel: +237 (0)24-309-5880