Giant umbilical hernia: “Lazy M-Omega” flap, a case report
Vanesa Villamil1,&, Oscar Girón Vallejo2, Juana María Sánchez Morote2, Juan Pedro Hernández Bermejo2
1Pediatric Surgery Service, Sant Joan de Déu Children's Hospital, Barcelona, Spain, 2Pediatric Surgery Service, University Clinical Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain
Vanesa Villamil, Pediatric Surgery Service, Sant Joan de Déu Children's Hospital, Barcelona, Spain
Umbilical hernia, one of the most frequent pathologies in pediatric surgical
practice, is usually corrected with a relatively simple intervention,
except in cases where there is a major defect, also called proboscoid hernia.
present a case report of a 20-month male patient that underwent surgical
intervention of a giant umbilical hernia with the “Lazy-M and Omega” flap
novel surgical technique. This technique has to be taken into account
in surgical planning, since it is simple and easily reproducible.
Umbilical hernia, one of the most frequent pathologies in pediatric surgical practice, is usually corrected with a relatively simple procedure, except in cases where there is a major defect, or also called proboscoid hernia .
Several techniques have been proposed in order to address this problem [1, 2]. In our case, the technique we opted for was the “Lazy M-Omega” flap, published in 2004 by Tamir et al. . We present the clinical case of a male patient of 20 months of life to whom an intervention of umbilical hernia is performed due to the size of it.
Patient and observation
A patient with no personal or family history of interest, is seen in consultations from birth due to a large umbilical hernia. Physical examination revealed a soft abdomen, depressible, not painful, without masses or visceromegaly, with an umbilical hernial defect of approximately 3 cm in diameter and an excess of skin of approximately 5 cm in length.
After a year and a half of follow-up and seeing that the umbilical hernia was increasing in size and due to the large excess of soft tissue, we decided to include him on the waiting list for surgical correction of the hernia.
At 20 months of age, the patient underwent surgery. Already on the operating table, two letters are drawn on the leftover skin. An open “M” through the infraumbilical area (Figure 1 A) and then an inverted omega above the umbilicus (Figure 1 B), which would assume the negative shape of the letter “M”. With these two incisions, an opening of the hernial sac and a dissection thereof is performed until the healthy edges of the aponeurosis are those that will be used to repair the defect.
After resecting the large hernial sac (Figure 2 A and Figure 2B), performing the herniorrhaphy and removing the excess skin, the two edges are sutured, being perfectly balanced; the convexity of the “Ω” will conform the new umbilicus (Figure 3).
Due to the large dissection of the tissues, it was decided to leave a drain for 24 hours. In the immediate postoperative period, the patient began breastfeeding without problems and 12 hours after surgery, he began to have stools. The day after surgery, once the drain was removed, the patient was discharged.
The umbilical hernia is a common problem in children. A large one
often requires umbilicoplasty for a protruding umbilicus with redundant
skin. The proboscoid variety of umbilical hernia protrudes through
the fascial defect .
For most children, umbilical hernias often close spontaneously and can be monitored
safely through watchful waiting. Despite the fact that in the surgical
calendar umbilical hernias must be operated on at 4 years of age,
some surgeons have
advocated a practice of repairing “giant” umbilical hernias
earlier than smaller hernias, like we did in this particular case.
One reason for this practice may be because larger defects are
less likely to close
Due to the high frequency of umbilical hernias in the pediatric population, many
of which require surgical repair, multiple factors should be considered
when determining the appropriate surgical approach .
Treatment of proboscoid umbilical hernia in children includes two
steps: umbilical ring closure and aesthetic reconstruction of the
aim of the surgeon in the surgical correction of umbilical hernia,
is to create an umbilicus of natural appearance, which consists
of a ring, a tubular
wall, a sulcus and a bottom without any excess skin to preserve
the aesthetic aspect of the umbilicus . Several techniques
have been described on the surgical correction of it [1, 2, 4, 8],
but none adapted to the magnitude of excess skin that our patient
had, except for the technique proposed by Tamir et al. .
In this case, the problem is not in the aponeurosis closure but
the removal of the excess skin and achieving a satisfactory aesthetic
effect. The Lazy-M and inverted Omega flaps described here offer a simple,
easy-to-use technique with predictable aesthetic result. Written
consent for publication was obtained from the patient or their
In cases such as the one presented with a giant umbilical hernia, the “Lazy-M
and Omega” flap is a technique to be taken into account in surgical planning,
since it is simple and easily reproducible.
The authors declare no competing interests.
All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Figure 1: A) lower
incision in “Lazy M”; B) superior incision in “Ω” (omega)
Figure 2: great hernial
sac; A) inverted; B) everted
Figure 3: postoperative appearance
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