The surgical management of a hypogastric dermatofibrosarcoma protubrens
Leila Essid1,&, Selim Sassi2, Khaled Khelil1, Mohamed Ali Sbai1, Riadh Maalla3
1Orthopaedic and Trauma Department, Maamouri Hospital, Nabeul, Tunisia, 2General Surgery Department, Maamouri Hospital, Nabeul, Tunisia, 3Orthopaedic and Trauma Department, Rabta Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia
Leila Essid, Orthopaedic and Trauma Department, Maamouri Hospital, Nabeul, Tunisia
Dermatofibrosarcoma protubrens (DFSP) is an uncommon skin tumor with intermediate
grade of malignancy. Wide surgical resection with disease-free margin offers
an excellent probability of cure. These large excision cause large skin
defect that can be difficult to cover. Through this case report we describe
treated DFSP that was covered by a Mc Gregor flap; which despite its seniority
is still relevant and continues to serve plastic surgery.
Dermatofibrosarcoma protubrens (DFSP) is a rare skin tumor. This tumor belongs to the groups of fibroblastic or myofibroblastic tumors with intermediate malignancy according to the latest classification of WHO in 2013 . Its particularity and gravity are linked to its local aggressivety and its high rate of recurrence. DFSP often affects the young adult and has a predilection for the trunk followed by the proximal ends and then the head and neck . Surgery have the major role in the curative treatment of DFSP, and its prognosis depends on the quality of the initial excision. These large excisions cause a large skin defect sometimes difficult to cover and requires the use of free flaps. We present a case of surgically treated DFSP in which the skin defect was covered by a Mc Gregor flap which despite its seniority is still relevant and continues to serve plastic surgery.
Patient and observation
A 45-year-old man with a hypogastric tumor evolving for 5 years,
neglected by the patient. It was a small nodule that gradually
increased in volume without any pain or functional inconvenience (Figure
1). The biopsy of the lesion concluded to a DFSP. Computed tomography
(CT) showed infiltration of the subcutaneous fat without extension
to the underlying muscles (Figure
2). The excision was made with lateral margins of 5 cm and carrying
deeply the fascia of the internal oblique and the right rectus
3, Figure 4, Figure
5). The cutaneous defect was covered at the same time by an inguinal
Mc Gregor flap and the donor zone was sutured directly (Figure
6). The histopathological exam concluded to a DFSP with a healthy
limit of excision. The clinical aspect at 1.5 year follow-up showing
the absence of recurrence with an excellent aesthetic result (Figure
Surgery plays a major role in the curative treatment of DFSP. The main challenge facing this tumor, which projects asymmetric and subclinical extensions, is to obtain healthy surgical margins . The two techniques discussed are wide excision and micrographic surgery . The micrographic surgery makes it possible to study the entire tumor circumference with reduction of the margins of excision but remains not practiced in most countries. In locally advanced, inoperable or metastatic forms, treatment is based on targeted therapies such as imatinib mesylate (Glivec®), which is currently approved for use in this indication. Post-excision reconstruction involves all the therapeutic arsenal of plastic and reconstructive surgery. The choice will depend on the site and the size of the defect as well as the exposure or not of the underlying noble elements. The thin skin graft is indicated in case of loss of substance without exhibition of noble elements. The use of free flaps, in particular the Latissimus Dorsi flap, which is increasingly practiced because of its reliability and its large size, makes it possible to cover large defects . In our case we have opted for a Mc Gregor flap , a flap described since 1972, often forgotten but still reproducible and reliable. It allows to have a large skin palette without sacrificing an important vascular axis with the possibility of a direct closure of the donor area, leaving a hidden scar.
Wide and deep surgical excision with healthy margins remains the cornerstone of DFSP treatment. The micrographic technique is certainly less mutilating but remains not practiced in our country. Despite its age and the advent of several microsurgical techniques, the Mc Gregor flap is still valid and resolves large skin defect problems with a simple, reliable and one-time surgery.
The authors declare no competing interests.
Essid Leila, Selim Saasi, Khaled Khelil have done the data collection,
the literature research and the manuscript draft. Mohamed Ali Sbai
and Riadh Malla reviewed the draft and made intellectual contributions.
read and improved the final version of this manuscript.
Figure 1: Dermatofibrosarcoma
protubrens (DFSP) presenting as an induration with multiple nodules
Figure 2: CT showing the lesion
Figure 3: margin of the excision of 5 cm
Figure 4: large skin defect post excision
Figure 5: the macroscopic aspect of the excision
Figure 6: McGregor flap
used to cover the skin defect after excision
Figure 7: the result 1 year and a half after surgery
- Jo VY, Fletcher CDM. WHO classification of soft tissue tumours: an update based on the 2013 (4th) edition. Pathology (Phila). 2014;46(2):95-104. PubMed | Google Scholar
- Bogucki B, Neuhaus I, Hurst EA. Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans: a review of the literature. Dermatol Surg. 2012;38(4):537-551. PubMed | Google Scholar
- Serra-Guillén C, Llombart B, Sanmartín O. Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans. Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas Engl Ed. 2012;103(9):762-777. PubMed | Google Scholar
- Buck DW, Kim JYS, Alam M, Rawlani V, Johnson S, Connor CM et al. Multidisciplinary approach to the management of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012;67(5):861-866. PubMed | Google Scholar
- Arnaud E, Couturaud B, Revol M, Servant JM, Banzet P. Surgical repair of abdominal wall. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 1999;44(4):357-372. PubMed
- Carlier A, Deleuze J-P, Nardella D, Massagé P. McGregor flap. Interact Surg. 2007;2(2):97-101. Google Scholar