Original article | Volume 33, Article 232, 18 Jul 2019 | 10.11604/pamj.2019.33.232.17846

Hemothorax caused by vertebral exostoses

Jamel EL Ghoul, Soued Ferjani

Corresponding author: Jamel EL Ghoul, Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Service, Medenine Hospital, Medenine, Tunisia

Received: 05 Dec 2018 - Accepted: 09 Jan 2019 - Published: 18 Jul 2019

Domain: Pulmonology

Keywords: Hemothorax, exostosis, thoracic vertebrae

©Jamel EL Ghoul et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article: Jamel EL Ghoul et al. Hemothorax caused by vertebral exostoses. Pan African Medical Journal. 2019;33:232. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2019.33.232.17846]

Available online at: https://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/33/232/full

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Original article

Hemothorax caused by vertebral exostoses

Hemothorax caused by vertebral exostoses

Jamel EL Ghoul1,&, Soued Ferjani2

 

1Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Service, Medenine Hospital, Medenine, Tunisia, 2Department of Radiology, Medenine Hospital, Medenine, Tunisia

 

 

&Corresponding author
Jamel EL Ghoul, Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Service, Medenine Hospital, Medenine, Tunisia

 

 

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Spontaneous hemothorax is a rare condition and sometimes occurs during anticoagulant therapy for venous thromboembolism. Other causes of the condition are bleeding disorders, complication of spontaneous pneumothorax and pleural malignancy. Vertebral exostosis represents an exceptional etiology of hemothorax, as a result of direct traumatic injury of the pleura or diaphragm by the intrathoracic tumour. Exostosis often occurs in hereditary multiple exostoses, but can also be isolated. We present a case of spontaneous hemothorax in a patient with vertebral exostoses and propose a new etiology of hemothorax. A 22-year-old man with no specific history elements and no previous trauma presented has been experiencing a right-sided pleuritic chest pain and respiratory discomfort for 6 days. Physical examination revealed dullness to percussion and decreased breath sounds on the right side of the chest. Chest x-ray showed right pleural effusion and diagnostic thoracocentesis revealed gross blood. Pleural effusion's hematocrit was 52%, while that of the peripheral blood was 39%. Hemothorax was diagnosed. Thoracic Computed tomography scan (CT-scan) (A and B, arrows) followed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed the presence of two vertebral exostoses arising from the right transverse processes of the 10th and 11th thoracic vertebrae (C and D, arrows). These, encroached on the 11th intercostal space. The hemothorax was managed successfully with chest-tube insertion. However, surgical resection of exostoses was indicated in our patient given the risk of loco-regional complications, and the recurrence of the hemothorax. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was followed without recurrent hemothorax for two years.

 

 

Figure 1: (A) computed tomography of the chest, coronal view with 3-dimension reconstruction; (B) presence of two focal bony masses arising from the right transverse processes of thoracic vertebrae 10 and 11; (C) magnetic resonance imaging of the spine, T2-weighted sequence, axial section, shows two vertebral exostoses arising from the right transverse processes of thoracic vertebrae 10 and 11; (D) measuring 20 × 12 mm and 35 × 25 mm, respectively. That of the transverse process of T11 encroaches on the 11th intercostal space

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original article

Hemothorax caused by vertebral exostoses

Original article

Hemothorax caused by vertebral exostoses

Original article

Hemothorax caused by vertebral exostoses