Original article | Volume 33, Article 201, 15 Jul 2019 | 10.11604/pamj.2019.33.201.15389

Multiple infected ulcerative plaques in an alcohol addicted patient

Felipe Tavares Rodrigues, JosÚ Augusto da Costa Nery

Corresponding author: Felipe Tavares Rodrigues, Escola de Medicina e Cirurgia do Rio de Janeiro, Universidade Federal, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Unirio, Brazil

Received: 06 Mar 2018 - Accepted: 01 May 2018 - Published: 15 Jul 2019

Domain: Dermatology,Endocrinology,Internal medicine

Keywords: Ulcerative plaques, alcohol addicted, purulent wounds

©Felipe Tavares Rodrigues et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article: Felipe Tavares Rodrigues et al. Multiple infected ulcerative plaques in an alcohol addicted patient. Pan African Medical Journal. 2019;33:201. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2019.33.201.15389]

Available online at: https://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/33/201/full

Home | Volume 33 | Article number 201

Original article

Multiple infected ulcerative plaques in an alcohol addicted patient

Multiple infected ulcerative plaques in an alcohol addicted patient

Felipe Tavares Rodrigues1,&, JosÚ Augusto da Costa Nery2

 

1Escola de Medicina e Cirurgia do Rio de Janeiro, Universidade Federal, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Unirio, Brazil, 2Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FundašŃo Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz and Sanitary Dermatology Department of Santa Casa de Misericˇrdia do Rio de Janeiro, Unirio, Brazil

 

 

&Corresponding author
Felipe Tavares Rodrigues, Escola de Medicina e Cirurgia do Rio de Janeiro, Universidade Federal, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Unirio, Brazil

 

 

Image in medicine    Down

A 47-year-old male patient came to the Souza Ara˙jo outpatient clinic of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, a reference center for treating leprosy, to confirm mycobacteriosis after living in close contact with a leprosy patient. The patient was emaciated, having lost 12 kg in 2 months, febrile and presented nystagmus. The patient had multiple erythematous-livedoid, hypoesthetic, ulcerated, and purulent wounds in light-exposed areas, which had appeared suddenly 2 months before admission and did not regress after amoxicillin therapy. The patient reported loss of sensitivity, paresthesia, and asthenia in the lower limbs. Adenomegaly and visceromegaly were not observed. The patient had an approximately 25-year history of alcoholism and smoking. The patient also reported having intermittent diarrhea. The patient was instructed to take 300 mg of niacinamide per day, ingest other B-complex vitamins, use amoxicillin-clavulanic acid to treat impetigo, reduce alcohol intake and improve nutrition. On the return visit one month later, the lesions and peripheral neuropathy had regressed significantly, although the patient had used B-complex formulations containing only 50 mg of niacinamide for financial reasons. Pellagra was described in eighteenth-century Europe by Gaspar Casal, related to poverty and low ingestion of animal products. It was a public health problem in the United States at the beginning of the last century, but pellagra is rare today and diagnosed particularly among individuals with alcohol abuse, taking some medications, with desorption syndromes and HIV. The classic triad of symptoms includes dermatitis, diarrhea and dementia. Scaly dermatitis is more common in areas exposed to sunlight.

 

 



Figure 1: (A, B) multiple infected ulcerative and scaly lesions simetric distributed in both legs; C) histologic image showed parakeratotic hyperkeratosis, signs of epidermal hyperproliferation with ballooning and irregular acanthosis. We could see papilary dermal edema, inflammatory mononuclear cell infiltrate areas, extravasation of red blood cells and actinic elastosis. HE 10x Magnification; D) the previous dorsal legs lesions with healing crust aspect after treatment; E) widespread cicatricial spots distributed among light exposed body areas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original article

Multiple infected ulcerative plaques in an alcohol addicted patient

Original article

Multiple infected ulcerative plaques in an alcohol addicted patient

Original article

Multiple infected ulcerative plaques in an alcohol addicted patient