Original article | Volume 26, Article 194, 04 Apr 2017 | 10.11604/pamj.2017.26.194.11515

Mycobacterium tuberculosis endocarditis in native valves

Abdelkader Jalil El Hangouche, Latifa Oukerraj

Corresponding author: Abdelkader Jalil El Hangouche, Laboratory of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohamed V University, Rabat, Morocco

Received: 28 Dec 2016 - Accepted: 02 Feb 2017 - Published: 04 Apr 2017

Domain: Clinical medicine

Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, endocarditis, native valves

©Abdelkader Jalil El Hangouche et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article: Abdelkader Jalil El Hangouche et al. Mycobacterium tuberculosis endocarditis in native valves. Pan African Medical Journal. 2017;26:194. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.26.194.11515]

Available online at: https://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/26/194/full

Home | Volume 26 | Article number 194

Original article

Mycobacterium tuberculosis endocarditis in native valves

Mycobacterium tuberculosis endocarditis in native valves

Abdelkader Jalil El Hangouche1,2,&, Latifa Oukerraj2

 

1Laboratory of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohamed V University, Rabat, Morocco, 2Department of Cardiology B, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohamed V University, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

&Corresponding author
Abdelkader Jalil El Hangouche, Laboratory of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohamed V University, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

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A 70 year old female presented with a 4 months history of dyspnea, weight loss and fever. The physical examination revealed icterus, multiple lymphadenopathies, hepatomegaly, jugular venous distension and a 2/6 diastolic heart murmur. Laboratory evaluation showed a moderate inflamatory syndrome, cytolysis and negative hemocultures. CT revealed multiple mediastinal and mesenteric lymphadenopathies, segmental thickening of colic wall and ascites. The PPD skin test was positive at 13 mm. The histopathological study of a lymphadenopathy biopsy was compatible with caseum. Quantiferon-TB test was highly positive. HIV serology was negative. A cardiac echocardiography revealed a 28 x 28 mm masse located at the anterior mitral valve (A, B, C, D) fusing to the mitro-aortic junction and along the proximal aortic wall (E, F). The masse was partially drained at left valsalva sinus (G, H). There was a moderate aortic insufficiency (I). The diagnosis of ganglionar tuberculosis with endocadiac and aortic involvement was highly suggested according to clinical, epidemiologic, biologic arguments. The patient was given antituberculosis drugs for 9 months with a spectacular clinical improvement with no regression of the abcess. She is scheduled for surgical treatment.

 

Figure 1: echocardiography images in mycobacterium tuberculosis endocarditis in native valves: A) transthoracic echocardiography, parasternal long-axis view showing a masse located at the anterior mitral valve; B) transthoracic echocardiography, apical 4 chamber view showing the solid part of the mass measuring 23X29mm adherent to the anterior mitral valve; C) transthoracic echocardiography, apical 4 chamber view: showing the empty part of the mass measuring 28X25mm; D) transesophageal echocardiography showing a masse fusing to the mitro-aortic junction; E) transthoracic echocardiography, parasernal short axis view showing a masse fusing in the initial part of the root of the aorta; F) transthoracic echocardiography, parasernal short axis view showing a masse fusing in the the root of the aorta; G) transthoracic echocardiography, parasternal long axis view showing the mass located to the anterior mitral valve and funsig to the mitro aortric junction and along the proximal aortic wall; H) transesophageal echocardiography showing the solid and the empty part of the masse fusing to the mitro-aortic junction, partially drained at left valsalva sinus; I) transthoracic echocardiography, parasternal long axis view moderate aortic insufficiency

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original article

Mycobacterium tuberculosis endocarditis in native valves

Original article

Mycobacterium tuberculosis endocarditis in native valves

Original article

Mycobacterium tuberculosis endocarditis in native valves

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis

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