Original article | Volume 26, Article 156, 15 Mar 2017 | 10.11604/pamj.2017.26.156.11275

Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus

Faten Limaiem, Saadia Bouraoui

Corresponding author: Faten Limaiem, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis Faculty of Medicine, 1007 Tunisia| University Hospital Mongi Slim, La Marsa, Sidi Daoued, 2046 Tunisia

Received: 27 Nov 2016 - Accepted: 19 Feb 2017 - Published: 15 Mar 2017

Domain: Clinical medicine

Keywords: Cyclopia, fetus, holoprosencephaly

©Faten Limaiem et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article: Faten Limaiem et al. Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus. Pan African Medical Journal. 2017;26:156. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.26.156.11275]

Available online at: https://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/26/156/full

Home | Volume 26 | Article number 156

Original article

Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus

Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus

Faten Limaiem1,2,&, Saadia Bouraoui1,2

 

1University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis Faculty of Medicine, 1007 Tunisia, 2University Hospital Mongi Slim, La Marsa, Sidi Daoued, 2046 Tunisia

 

 

&Corresponding author
Faten Limaiem, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis Faculty of Medicine, 1007 Tunisia| University Hospital Mongi Slim, La Marsa, Sidi Daoued, 2046 Tunisia

 

 

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A 36 year-old female patient gravida 2 para 1, with no particular past medical history consulted her gynecologist at 14 weeks' gestation for pelvic pain. Her first pregnancy was uneventful and she did not take any specific drugs prior or during her pregnancy. Consanguinity and hereditary diseases were denied. Ultrasonography revealed a retention image measuring 67,2 mm with no cardiac pulsations (A). A male cyclopean fetus was delivered by induced labour. The fetus weighed 13,5 g and the placenta 45,4 g. On examination, the fetus was monophtalmic with completely fused eyes (B). In the face was a central proboscis located above the single orbital cavity (B). It had a rhombic form presenting with two lateral commissures and one caruncle at the inferior point of union. There was one lacrimal punctum in the midline and no median cleft. The nasal structures were absent. The upper lip looked normal with both, philtrum and tuberculum labii superioris. The lower lip and the mandible were normal. The brain and the rest of the organs were macerated. The examination of the placenta did not disclose any anomaly. Genetic analysis was not performed.

 

 

Figure 1: (A) ultrasonography revealed a retention image measuring 67,2 mm with no cardiac pulsations; (B) the fetus was monophtalmic with completely fused eyes. In the face, there was a central proboscis (white arrow) located above the single orbital cavity. The nasal structures were absent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original article

Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus

Original article

Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus

Original article

Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus

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Key words

Cyclopia

Fetus

Holoprosencephaly

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Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus