Hydroa vacciniforme on a dark skin with mucosal involvement
Kelati Awatef, Mernissi Fatima Zahra
Received: 25 Feb 2016 - Accepted: 08 Mar 2016 - Published: 09 Mar 2016
Domain: Clinical medicine
Keywords: Hydroa vacciniforme, dark skin , mucosal involvement
©Kelati Awatef et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Cite this article: Kelati Awatef et al. Hydroa vacciniforme on a dark skin with mucosal involvement. Pan African Medical Journal. 2016;23:71. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2016.23.71.9199]
Available online at: https://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/23/71/full
Hydroavacciniforme on a dark skin with mucosal involvement
Kelati Awatef1,&, Mernissi Fatima Zahra1
1Hospital University Hassan II, Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Fez, Morocco
Awatef Kelati, Hospital University Hassan II, Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Fez, Morocco
Hydroa vacciniforme is a rare idiopathic photodermatosis uncommon in dark skinned patients, which usually begins in childhood before the age of 10 years old and disappear in adolescence , it begins symmetrically in photo exposed areas as a sensation of skin burning in less than 24 hours of sun exposition , and then a vesicular rash develops , become umbilicated and secondarily crusted. Within weeks, the scars heal and leave a residual varioliform scar appearance, the condition generally improves with regular use of high protection sunscreens and resolves during adolescence. In patients who do not respond to conservative treatment, use of systemic agents has been reported like psoralen with exposure to ultraviolet A [PUVA], ultraviolet B TL-01phototherapy, antimalarial agents and immunosuppressive medication. Our patient is a 10-year-old child -without pathological antecedents- who consulted for atrophic depressed scars after a vesicular rash, which begin with a sensation of skin burning a day after intense sun exposure. These scars are covered by hemorrhagic crusts in some areas and appear on exposed areas: face, ear, hands and forearms with erosive lesions of the lower lip. The Child reports that this is the second episode with an interval of 6 months between the 2 episodes.
Figure 1: A) varioliform scars covered by hemorrhagic crusts on the face, with erosive lesions of the lower lip; B) hypopigmented varioliform scars on the dorsal area of the hands and forearms; C) hypopigmented varioliform scars on the pavilion of the ears and the helix