Original article | Volume 19, Article 15, 08 Sep 2014 | 10.11604/pamj.2014.19.15.3974

Asymptomatic Dandy-Walker syndrome in an adult

Hatim Belfquih, Brahim Elmostarchid

Corresponding author: Hatim Belfquih, Department of Neurosurgery, Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital, Rabat, Morocco

Received: 06 Feb 2014 - Accepted: 29 Aug 2014 - Published: 08 Sep 2014

Domain: Clinical medicine

Keywords: Dandy-Walker malformation, agenesis of vermis, cyst of posterior fossa

©Hatim Belfquih et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article: Hatim Belfquih et al. Asymptomatic Dandy-Walker syndrome in an adult. Pan African Medical Journal. 2014;19:15. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2014.19.15.3974]

Available online at: https://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/19/15/full

Home | Volume 19 | Article number 15

Original article

Asymptomatic Dandy-Walker syndrome in an adult

Asymptomatic Dandy-Walker syndrome in an adult

 

Hatim Belfquih1,&, Brahim Elmostarchid1

 

1Department of Neurosurgery, Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

&Corresponding author
Hatim Belfquih, Department of Neurosurgery, Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

Image in medicine

This 34 years old man presented with moderate and persistent headache occurring 48 hours following Benin head injury. There were no symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Neurological examination was unremarkable without cerebellar ataxia or psychomotor retardation .the patient was submitted to CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain that revealed agenesis of cerebellar vermis and large posterior fossa cyst communicating with the enlarged fourth ventricle suggestive of Dandy-Walker malformation without hydrocephalus. He was managed conservatively and he is doing well following 2 years ago. The Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) is a rare posterior fossa malformation and more rarely observed in adults. This case is unique in that the patient has been entirely asymptomatic with this abnormality since birth. The preserved cortical cytoarchitecture and the rarity of additional neurodevelopmental changes in DWS adults may explain the mild or absence of clinical expression, compared with DWS infants.

Figure 1: (A) CT scan showing agenesis of cerebellar vermis, large posterior fossa cyst communicating with the fourth ventricle suggestive of Dandy-Walker malformation (left) and thinning of the occipital bone (right). (B): magnetic resonance imaging, T2 sagittal view (left) and T2 Flair axial view (right), showing agenesis of cerebellar vermis and large cerebrospinal-fluid filled cyst in the posterior fossa that is confluent with the fourth ventricle without hydrocephalus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original article

Asymptomatic Dandy-Walker syndrome in an adult

Original article

Asymptomatic Dandy-Walker syndrome in an adult

Original article

Asymptomatic Dandy-Walker syndrome in an adult