Original article | Volume 17, Article 97, 07 Feb 2014 | 10.11604/pamj.2014.17.97.3144

Myelinated retinal nerve fibers

Hanan Handor, Rajae Daoudi

Corresponding author: Hanan Handor, Université Mohammed V Souissi, Service d’Ophtalmologie A de l’Hôpital des Spécialités, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Rabat, Maroc

Received: 27 Jul 2013 - Accepted: 05 Dec 2013 - Published: 07 Feb 2014

Domain: Clinical medicine

Keywords: Myelinated, retinal nerve, exotropia

©Hanan Handor et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this article: Hanan Handor et al. Myelinated retinal nerve fibers. Pan African Medical Journal. 2014;17:97. [doi: 10.11604/pamj.2014.17.97.3144]

Available online at: https://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/17/97/full

Home | Volume 17 | Article number 97

Original article

Myelinated retinal nerve fibers

Myelinated retinal nerve fibers

 

Hanan Handor1,&, Rajae Daoudi1

 

1Université Mohammed V Souissi, Service d’Ophtalmologie A de l’Hôpital des Spécialités, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

&Corresponding author
Hanan Handor, Université Mohammed V Souissi, Service d’Ophtalmologie A de l’Hôpital des Spécialités, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

Image in medicine

A 7-year-old girl of second degree consanguineous parents, presented with an 8 months history of intermittent exotropia of the left eye. Cycloplegic refraction was -0.25.-0.50×165º and -3.00.-0.50×20º in the right and left eyes respectively. An initial objective assessment of the visual function showed a best corrected visual acuity of 12/10 in the right eye and 6/10 in the left eye. Fundoscopy revealed superficial whitish, opaque lesion with feathered edges, hiding the optic disc and retinal vessels, and following the course of the nerve fiber layer in the left eye. We conclude to the diagnosis of myelinated retinal nerve fibers. General examination was unremarkable. The treatment of amblyopia was then undertaken, and a final corrected visual acuity of 9/10 was attained in the left eye. Myelinated retinal nerve fibers are a rare idiopathic developmental abnormality, occurring when the myelination of ganglions cells axons extend abnormally into the retina. Usually, this malformation does not affect visual acuity, unless it involves the fovea. Otherwise it can be, rarely, associated with myopia, strabismus, and amblyopia. Amblyopia treatment should be systematically considered, even if it's reported to be refractory to the treatment in such cases. General clinical assessment must be carried out in order to exclude some systemic disorders that may be linked to this abnormality including neurofibromatosis type 1, craniofacial abnormalities, skeletal malformations, and basal cell nevus syndrome.

Figure 1: Funduscopy of the left eye revealing extensive whitish lesion involving the optic disc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Original article

Myelinated retinal nerve fibers

Original article

Myelinated retinal nerve fibers

Original article

Myelinated retinal nerve fibers

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Key words

Myelinated

Retinal nerve

Exotropia

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