Gamasoidosis (bird mite dermatitis): dermanyssus gallinae in a young boy
Marcos Davi Gomes de Sousa, Fred Bernardes Filho
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;30:144. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.30.144.14651

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Gamasoidosis (bird mite dermatitis): dermanyssus gallinae in a young boy

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;30:144. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.30.144.14651

Received: 19/12/2017 - Accepted: 03/04/2018 - Published: 20/06/2018

Key words: Mite infestations, pest control, dermatitis

© Marcos Davi Gomes de Sousa et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/30/144/full

Corresponding author: Fred Bernardes Filho, Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil (f9filho@gmail.com)


Gamasoidosis (bird mite dermatitis): dermanyssus gallinae in a young boy

Marcos Davi Gomes de Sousa1, Fred Bernardes Filho2,&

 

1Instituto Nacional de Infectologia Evandro Chagas (INI-Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

 

 

&Corresponding author
Fred Bernardes Filho, Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

 

 

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A 6-year-old boy presented with a 4-day history of a pruritic eruption associated with excoriated erythematous papules over his limbs. He had no known medical conditions and was on summer school vacation 15 days ago. He had a healthy domestic dog without fleas or ticks. On physical examination, multiple erythematous papules and lesions with corkscrew morphology on his legs and feet were observed. In a visit by the first author to the site, many mites on the internal walls and windows, as well as the beds, were observed. Several nests of sparrows (Passer domesticus) were found and removed from the roof. Three representative mites were collected and subsequently were examined precisely; the causative agent of disturbance was recognized as Dermanyssus gallinae. The patient was treated with topical hydrocortisone 1% cream and loratadine (5 mg, once daily) for three days. Avian mites infest humans accidentally, causing a dermatitis characterized by widespread pruritic lesions. It has a worldwide distribution, and is more common in spring and summer. It is haematophagous and feeds at night, leaving its host during the day to hide in close proximity to the bird's nest. Removal of these birds from nesting or roosting sites in the vicinity of afflicted patients, with or without subsequent acaricide treatment of the area, is sufficient to arrest infestations. Cutaneous reactions are nonspecic and difficult to diagnose without a degree of clinical suspicion. Clinically, the condition presents as itching, which intensifies at night, with development of erythematous maculopapules or papulovesicles. When the clinical presentation is nonspecific and the arthropod cannot be found, the only hope for a correct diagnosis lies in a thorough environmental anamnesis.

 

 

Figure 1: multiple excoriated erythematous papules on the lower limbs of a 6-year-old boy (Dermanyssus gallinae dermatitis); dermoscopy with a handheld dermoscope (DermLite II Pro 3Gen (3Gen; SanJuan Capistrano, CA)) showing red mites found on the patient's bed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Keywords

Mite infestations
Pest control
Dermatitis

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