Post-surgical peritonitis due to a KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumonia: the canvas of antibiotic resistance
Marianneta Chatzopoulou, Maria Tsiakalou
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;30:129. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.30.129.15532

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Post-surgical peritonitis due to a KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumonia: the canvas of antibiotic resistance

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;30:129. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.30.129.15532

Received: 21/03/2018 - Accepted: 07/05/2018 - Published: 13/06/2018

Key words: Multidrug-resistance, peritoneal fluid smear, klebsiella pneumoniae

© Marianneta Chatzopoulou et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/30/129/full

Corresponding author: Marianneta Chatzopoulou, General Hospital of Larissa, Medical Microbiology, Larissa, 41221, Greece (mariannetachatz@gmail.com)


Post-operative peritonitis due to a KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae: the canvas of antibiotic resistance

Marianneta Chatzopoulou1,&, Maria Tsiakalou1

 

1General Hospital of Larissa, Medical Microbiology, Larissa, 41221, Greece

 

 

&Corresponding author
Marianneta Chatzopoulou, General Hospital of Larissa, Medical Microbiology, Larissa, 41221, Greece

 

 

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Emergence of multidrug-resistant nosocomial pathogens has risen as one of the most critical public health issues globally. The present smear of peritoneal fluid graphically illustrates the dramatic course of an ultimately fatal case of post-operative peritonitis due to a KPC-producing K. pneumoniae. A 60-year-old patient was admitted for a scheduled sigmoidectomy. After a brief stay in the Intensive Care Unit he was transferred to the ward where he showed signs and symptoms of peritonitis. A peritoneal fluid film was stained with May-Grünwald-Giemsa technique and examined microscopically in the laboratory. The intensity of infection is reflected by the abundance of bacilli surrounding and invading neutrophils. The particular K. pneumoniae strain was merely susceptible to tigecycline and colistin. Aggressive antibiotic treatment was not effective in reversing the fulminant clinical course and the patient finally succumbed.

 

 

Figure 1: peritoneal fluid smear stained with May-Grünwald-Giemsa technique and examined with 100x oil immersion objective; the film reveals abundant bacilli in serpentine configurations surrounding and invading host immune cells

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Keywords

Multidrug-resistance
Peritoneal fluid smear
Klebsiella pneumoniae

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ISSN: 1937-8688. © 2018 - Pan African Medical Journal. All rights reserved