A 29-year old man with abdominal pain
Petros Ioannou
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;29:51. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.29.51.14813

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A 29-year old man with abdominal pain

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;29:51. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.29.51.14813

Received: 09/01/2018 - Accepted: 16/01/2018 - Published: 19/01/2018

Key words: Splenic infarct, cardiomyopathy, emboli

© Petros Ioannou et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/29/51/full

Corresponding author: Petros Ioannou, Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece (petros_io@hotmail.com)


A 29-year old man with abdominal pain

Petros Ioannou1,&

 

1Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece

 

 

&Corresponding author
Petros Ioannou, Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece

 

 

A 29-year old man with a history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with an implanted cardiac defibrillator due to previous ventricular tachycardia and a family history of sudden cardiac death presented to the Emergency Department because of severe left sided abdominal pain that was non-colicky and was not associated with food. The patient denied urinary frequency, hematuria, vomiting or diarrhea and had normal bowel movements. At clinical examination he was afebrile, with a normal blood pressure, a heart rate of about 100bpm while he had left upper quadrant tenderness at the examination of the abdomen, without rebound tenderness, while the abdominal sounds were normal. Complete blood count revealed leukocytosis with a white blood cell count of 13.800 cells, while transaminases, bilirubin, amylase and urine chemistry were normal. An electrocardiogram showed sinus tachycardia. A computed tomography of the thorax and the abdomen with intravenous contrast was performed and revealed an infarct of the spleen as the cause for the left upper quadrant abdominal pain. A representative image is shown in (Figure 1). The patient was admitted and a heart ultrasound revealed the presence of a thrombus in the left ventricle. Splenic infarction is an unusual condition that has been described in almost any age, is mostly associated with hematologic disorders in patients less than 40 years old and with thromboembolic disease in older patients. Other causes are splenic vascular disease, collagen vascular disease, anatomic abnormalities, pancreatic disease and solid tumors.

 

 

Figure 1: the abdominal computerized tomography with intravenous contrast shows a peripheral hypodense triangular area at the spleen of about 3.2cm x 2.9cm that does not uptake contrast, suggesting a splenic infarct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Keywords

Splenic infarct
Cardiomyopathy
Emboli

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ISSN: 1937-8688. © 2018 - Pan African Medical Journal. All rights reserved