Giant subdural empyema following ventriculo-peritoneal shunt in a child
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Wihasto Suryaningtyas
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2017;26:120. doi:10.11604/pamj.2017.26.120.11866

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Giant subdural empyema following ventriculo-peritoneal shunt in a child

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2017;26:120. doi:10.11604/pamj.2017.26.120.11866

Received: 31/01/2017 - Accepted: 09/02/2017 - Published: 02/03/2017

Key words: Giant subdural empyema, child, ventriculo-peritoneal shunt

© Prastiya Indra Gunawan et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/26/120/full

Corresponding author: Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Department Of Child Health, Airlangga University, College of Medicine, Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia (prastiya_ig@yahoo.co.id)


Giant subdural empyema following ventriculo-peritoneal shunt in a child

Prastiya Indra Gunawan1&, Wihasto Suryaningtyas2

 

1Department Of Child Health, Airlangga University, College of Medicine, Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, 2Pediatric Neurosurgeon, Department Of Neurosurgery, Airlangga University, College of Medicine, Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

 

 

&Corresponding author
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Department Of Child Health, Airlangga University, College of Medicine, Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

 

 

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Subdural empyema is an intracranial focal collection of purulent material located between the dura mater and the arachnoid mater. It developed from varied sources, but the paranasal sinuses, the ears, and the mastoids processes were predominantly affected. Giant subdural empyema secondary to cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement has been extremely unusual. A 9-years-old girl presented with prolonged low-grade fever, vomiting, local wound infection in frontal area and general weakness. She was previously hydrocephalic with large head size since birth. A ventriculo-peritoneal shunt was already inserted for 7 years. Neurological examination showed the patient fully conscious and left hemiparesis. Routine hematological investigation revealed leukocytosis and high C-reactive protein (CRP). A contrast-enhanced CT scan showed an hypodense fluid collection with peripheral ring enhancement on the right of the midline supporting a giant subdural empyema. Emergency surgery was performed to drainage the pus. Pus culture resulted no growth of bacteria. Ceftriaxone and metronidazole were administered for 6 weeks. Follow-up CT Scan showed reduction of mass effect. The patient was improved leaving neurological sequalae.

 

Figure 1: giant subdural empyema

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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