A rare cause of acute urinary retention in women: meatal condyloma accuminata, a case report
Onder Cinar, Mustafa Suat Bolat, Ekrem Akdeniz, Necmettin Sahinkaya
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2016;24:87. doi:10.11604/pamj.2016.24.87.9751

Create an account  |  Sign in
African Case Studies Case studies in Public health
"Better health through knowledge sharing and information dissemination "

Case report

A rare cause of acute urinary retention in women: meatal condyloma accuminata, a case report

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2016;24:87. doi:10.11604/pamj.2016.24.87.9751

Received: 30/04/2016 - Accepted: 12/05/2016 - Published: 27/05/2016

Key words: Acute urinary retention, condyloma acuminata, female urethra

© Onder Cinar et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/24/87/full

Corresponding author: Onder Cinar, Department of Urology, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Samsun, Turkey (drondercinar@gmail.com)


A rare cause of acute urinary retention in women: meatal condyloma accuminata, a case report

Onder Cinar1,&, Mustafa Suat Bolat1, Ekrem Akdeniz1, Necmettin Sahinkaya1

 

1Department of Urology, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Samsun, Turkey

 

 

&Corresponding author
Onder Cinar, Department of Urology, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Samsun, Turkey

 

 

Abstract

Acute urinary retention in women is a rarely seen phenomenon due to pharmacological, neuromuscular, anatomical, functional and infectious causes. Human papillomaviruses causing condyloma acuminata is one of the rarely reported viral infectious cause of acute urinary retention in case reports. A 45-year-old woman with acute urinary retention was found to have a round solid lesion on external urethral meatus. Histopathological examination revealed as condyloma acuminata. Urethral condyloma can be treated by local excision as an effective method for early improvement of voiding function. Even if the genital condyloma can be locally excised, patients should be referred to the gynecologists for cervical cancer screening.

 

 

Introduction    Down

Urethral condyloma is a rare entity that may seldom affect urination and causes urinary retention. In this presentation we reported an external meatal condyloma accuminata which mimicked neoplasm in a female patient causing acute urinary retention.

 

 

Patient and observation Up    Down

A 45-year-old woman was unable to urinate for the last 24 hours admitted to our clinic with no history of drug addiction, surgery, medication or allergy on her anamnesis. Pelvic examination revealed hyperemic periurethral ulcerated protruded vulvar solid mass surrounding the external urethral meatus (Figure 1). She had difficulty on urination for two weeks. Since she had acute urinary retention, urinary cathaterization was done under sterile conditions and almost 750 ml urine was evacuated with 16 Fr urethral catheter. Urine sample was obtained for microbiological and serological evaluation. After urine culture was proved sterile, the urethral mass was completely excised under spinal anesthesia (Figure 2). Histopathological examination revealed hyperplastic changes on the papillary surface and koilocytotic changes in metaplastic squamous epithelial cells (Figure 3) verifying the human papillomavirus infection. Surgical margins were negative. Urethral catheter was removed two days after the surgery and the patient discharged with normal urination without postvoiding residual urine. At the postoperative first month control, vaginal smear and the type of human papilloma virus was sampled by the gynecologist. Appearence of external meatus was normal and she had no urinary symptoms with no residual volume. Uroflowmetric examination showed normal Qmax and Qaverage values (25.6 ml/s and 12.8 ml/s, respectively).

 

 

Discussion Up    Down

The incidence of AUR is seldom in women (7 per 100,000) and the male to female ratio is 13:1 in an Scandinavian study [1]. Anatomical and functional causes of bladder outlet obstruction in women include infective and inflammatory reasons such as urethral stricture, urethral caruncle, urinary tract infections or acute vulvovaginitis [2,3] . In addition; various rare reasons such as herpes zoster infection [4] , cytomegalovirus cytitis [5] and eosinophilic cystitis [6] have been described in case reports for acute urinary retention. Meatal involvement of condyloma is reported in %50 of patients [7] . Condyloma acuminata of the urethra is mostly caused by the human papilloma virus serotypes 16 and 18 [8] . Sexually active young adults between the age of 17-33 years are the highest risk group for infection and the incubation period varies from 2 weeks to 6-18 months. The life time number of sexual partners is the most important risk factor identified for genital warts [8,9] . Symptoms such as split stream, dysuria, urethral bleeding, and infection are seen only %50 percent of the patients. Genital warts may develop as soft, papillary, single, multiple or plaque lesions, representing usually at the genitalia, rectum or urethra. The occurence of AUR due to urethral condyloma is uncommon in both men and women. Treatment methods for external genital condylomas include 5-fluorouracil, interferon, electro coagulation, cryotherapy, photo dynamic therapy, carbon dioxide laser, and local excision. Local reactions such as urethral stenosis, erosion, adhesion and pain may occur as complications. Local excision of the condyloma has better results and is mostly used though electrocoagulation or laser vaporation has higher recurrence rates [10] .

 

 

Conclusion Up    Down

Condyloma acuminata in the female urethra causing acute urinary retention is rarely seen. Urethral benign and malignant lesions should be kept in mind and pelvic examination should be done due to differential diagnosis in women presenting with acute urinary obstruction. This report emphasizes that urethral condylomas causing bladder outlet obstruction can be treated by local excision as an effective treatment method for early improvement of voiding function. Even if the genital condylomas are locally excised patients should be referred to the gynecology clinic for the risk of cervical cancer.

 

 

Competing interests Up    Down

The authors declare no competing interests.

 

 

Authors’ contributions Up    Down

Onder Cinar and Mustafa Suat Bolat have examined and operated the patient. Ekrem Akdeniz and Necmettin Sahinkaya have reviewed the literature. All authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

 

 

Figures Up    Down

Figure 1: preoperative image of the lesion surrounding the external urethral meatus

Figure 2: postoperative image of external urethral meatus

Figure 3: hyperplasia on the papillary surface and koilocytotic changes in metaplastic squamous epithelial cells

 

 

References Up    Down

  1. Klarskov P, Andersen JT, Asmussen CF, Brenoe J, Jensen SK, Jensen IL et al. Acute urinary retention in women: a prospective study of 18 consecutive cases. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 1987;21(1):29-31. PubMed | Google Scholar

  2. Patel R, Nitti VW. Bladder outlet obstruction in women: prevalence, recognition and management. Curr Urol Rep. 2001 Oct;2(5):379-87. PubMed | Google Scholar

  3. McCrery RJ, Appell RA. Bladder outlet obstruction in women: iatrogenic, anatomic, and neurogenic. Curr Urol Rep. 2006 Sep;7(5):363-9. PubMed | Google Scholar

  4. Vella M, Mastrocinque G, Romeo S, Giammanco G, Melloni D. S1 Herpes zoster localization: acute urinary retention in woman. Urologia. 2011 Apr-Jun;78(2):145-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. Shih SL, Liu YP, Tsai JD, Tsai YS, Yang FS, Chen YF. Acute urinary retention in a 7-year-old girl: an unusual complication of cytomegalovirus cystitis. J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Nov;43(11):e37-9. PubMed | Google Scholar

  6. Van den Ouden D, van Kaam N, Eland D. Eosinophilic cystitis presenting as urinary retention. Urol Int. 2001;66(1):22-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  7. Fletcher SG, Lemack GE. Benign masses of the female periurethral tissues and anterior vaginal wall. Current Urology Reports .2008 Sep;9(5):389-96. PubMed | Google Scholar

  8. Dupin N. Genital warts. Clin Dermatol. 2004 Nov-Dec;22(6):481-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  9. Scheurer ME, Tortolero-Luna G, Adler-Storthz K. Human papilloma virus infection: biology, epidemiology, and prevention. Int J GynecolCancer. 2005 Sep-Oct;15(5):727-46. PubMed | Google Scholar

  10. Fathi R, Tsoukas MM. Genital warts and other HPV infections: Established and novel therapies. Clin Dermatol. 2014 Mar-Apr;32(2):299-306. PubMed | Google Scholar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The Pan African Medical Journal articles are archived on Pubmed Central. Access PAMJ archives on PMC here

Volume 27 (May - August 2017)

Article tools

Rate this article

Altmetric

Popular articles in Case report

PAMJ is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

PAMJ is published in collaboration with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET)
Currently tracked by: DOAJ, AIM, Google Scholar, AJOL, EBSCO, Scopus, Embase, IC, HINARI, Global Health, PubMed Central, PubMed/Medline, Ulrichsweb, More to come . Member of COPE.

ISSN: 1937-8688. © 2017 - Pan African Medical Journal. All rights reserved