Recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax in young woman: catamenial pneumothorax
Adriá Rosat, Jorge Herrero
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2016;23:44. doi:10.11604/pamj.2016.23.44.8877

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Recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax in young woman: catamenial pneumothorax

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2016;23:44. doi:10.11604/pamj.2016.23.44.8877

Received: 17/01/2016 - Accepted: 03/02/2016 - Published: 18/02/2016

Key words: Recurrent, spontaneoous, pneumothorax, catamenial

© Adriá Rosat et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/23/44/full

Corresponding author: Adriá Rosat, Department of General Surgery, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Ctra, Del Rosario 145, 38010 Sta, Cruz de Tenerife, Spain (roroadri@hotmail.com)


Recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax in young woman: catamenial pneumothorax

Adriá Rosat1,&, Jorge Herrero2

 

1Department of General Surgery, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Ctra, Del Rosario 145, 38010 Sta, Cruz de Tenerife, Spain, 2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Ctra, Del Rosario 145, 38010 Sta, Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

 

 

&Corresponding author
Adriá Rosat, Department of General Surgery, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Ctra, Del Rosario 145, 38010 Sta, Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

 

 

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A 31-old-year woman came to hospital for dyspnea. She was a non smoker patient and had no history of previous pneumothorax. She was under gynecologic study for having troubles to get pregnant. On physical examination she had tachypnea and right chest hypoventilation. Blood test showed slight leukocytosis and chest x-ray revealed a right hemopneumothorax. A chest tube was placed and few days later she required surgery for persistent air leak. Apical blebs were found and resected by video thoracoscopy. Gynecologic studies were completed and she was diagnosed of pelvic endometriosis and treated by bilateral salpingectomy and left partial oophorectomy with confirmed endometriosis on pathology. She had three more episodes of smaller right pneumothorax in relation with menses. On the last episode she underwent surgery to perform a pleurodesis. Small tissue implants were resected, which were negative for endometriosis. One year later she has had no more episodes and she is actually under in vitro fertilization procedures to get pregnant. Catamenial pneumothorax is related with up to 3% of spontaneous pneumothorax in women, and should be considered as differential diagnosis, especially in those with troubles to get pregnant.

 

 

Figure 1: right chest hemopneumothorax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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