Association of bullous pemphigo´d and squamous cell carcinoma of the lip: a simple co´ncidence?
Hind Benhiba, Badredine Hassam
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2015;20:396. doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.20.396.6804

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Association of bullous pemphigo´d and squamous cell carcinoma of the lip: a simple co´ncidence?

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2015;20:396. doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.20.396.6804

Received: 13/04/2015 - Accepted: 20/04/2015 - Published: 22/04/2015

Key words: Bullous pemphigoid, squamous cell carcinoma, lip

© Hind Benhiba et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/20/396/full

Corresponding author: Hind Benhiba, Department of Dermatology, Ibn Sina Hospital, Faculty of Medecine and Pharmacy, University Mohamed V- Souissi, Rabat, Morocco (dr.benhiba.hind@gmail.com)


Association of bullous pemphigo´d and squamous cell carcinoma of the lip: a simple co´ncidence?

 

Hind Benhiba1,&, Badredine Hassam1

 

1Department of Dermatology, Ibn Sina Hospital, Faculty of Medecine and Pharmacy, University Mohamed V- Souissi, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

&Corresponding author
Hind Benhiba, Department of Dermatology, Ibn Sina Hospital, Faculty of Medecine and Pharmacy, University Mohamed V- Souissi, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

Image in medicine

A 64-year-old smoking male presented with an abrupt onset of pruritic erythematous plaques predominantly in a sternal distribution for 2 weeks. Subsequently, a crop of tense vesicles and bullae appeared over these lesions. Physical examination revealed bullous lesions localized on the sternal region. Nikolsky sign and bulla spread sign were negative. Also, the patient presented ulcerated lesion of the midportion of lower lip. The histology of lip biopsy showed squamous cell carcinoma. The general investigations didn't reveal any metastasis. Besides, Histopathological examination of bullous lesions revealed a sub-epidermal blister with abundant fibrin, neutrophils, and eosinophils in the blister cavity suggestive of BP. Direct immunofluorescence revealed linear deposits of IgG and C3 along the basement membrane zone without intercellular deposits. Salt split skin technique by direct immunofluorescence, showed immunoreactants on both, epidermal and dermal sides of the split confirming BP as the diagnosis. The BP was treated by dermo-steroids and the patient was refered for oncological surgery and radiotherapy for the squamous cell carcinoma of the lip. The association of BP with cutaneous malignancies has always been a matter of debate with no consensus reached. Despite many published case reports and trials, a definite association is lacking. The time of presentation of malignancy can be variable, with malignancy presenting either before, concurrently or after the appearance of BP. BP has been reported with various malignancies especially of the gastrointestinal tract. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of BP associated with squamous cell carcinoma of the lower lip.

 

 

Figure 1: A) bullous lesions localized on the sternal region; B) ulcerated lesion of the midportion of lower lip

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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