Fracture of the bamboo spine (chronic ankylosing spondylitis) after cervical injury
Ali Akhaddar, Mohcine Salami
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2014;17:113. doi:10.11604/pamj.2014.17.113.3888

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Fracture of the bamboo spine (chronic ankylosing spondylitis) after cervical injury

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2014;17:113. doi:10.11604/pamj.2014.17.113.3888

Received: 19/01/2014 - Accepted: 17/02/2014 - Published: 17/02/2014

Key words: Bamboo spine, chronic ankylosing spondylitis, cervical injury

© Ali Akhaddar et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/17/113/full

Corresponding author: Ali Akhaddar, Department of Neurosurgery, Avicenne Military Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco (akhaddar@hotmail.fr)


Fracture of the bamboo spine (chronic ankylosing spondylitis) after cervical injury

 

Ali Akhaddar1,2,3,&, Mohcine Salami2,3

 

1Department of Neurosurgery, Avicenne Military Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco, 2Department of Neurosurgery, Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital, Rabat, Morocco, 3University of Mohammed V Souissi, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

&Corresponding author
Ali Akhaddar, Department of Neurosurgery, Avicenne Military Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco

 

 

Image in medicine

A 59-year-old man with a history of chronic ankylosing spondylitis for many years, developed neck pain and left cervico-brachial neuralgia following a road traffic accident sustained one week before. Plain radiographs of cervical spine were initially misinterpreted. On examination, he had severe neck pain on mobilization without any neurological deficits. Delayed cervical computed tomography scan showed ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament, calcification of the intervertebral discs and complete vertebral fusion (so called bamboo spine) with transversal fracture at C5-C6 disc level (so called carrot-stick fracture) causing a luxation of the cervical spine with significant compromise in canal space (A and B). A transcranial spinal traction was performed followed by anterior decompression and stabilization via an anterolateral cervical approach. The outcome was favourable. Transverse fractures of the spine are rare in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and diagnosis should be considered following even minor trauma. These atypical unstable fractures occur because of the loss of flexibility and fragility of the osteoporotic spine. Early diagnosis for possible intervention is important because of the high mortality rate.

Figure 1: Cervical computed tomography scan on sagittal (A) and axial (B) views revealing ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament, calcification of the intervertebral discs and complete vertebral fusion (bamboo spine) with transdiscal fracture at C5-C6 level causing a luxation of the cervical spine with significant compromise in canal space

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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