Aneurysm of the thoracic and abdominal aorta in a patient aged 67 years detected incidentally in pre-anesthesia consultation
Zine el Abidine Benali, Hatim Abdedaim
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2013;16:155. doi:10.11604/pamj.2013.16.155.3263

Create an account  |  Sign in
Case studies in Public health Supplement 2 Supplement
"Better health through knowledge sharing and information dissemination "

Images in medicine

Aneurysm of the thoracic and abdominal aorta in a patient aged 67 years detected incidentally in pre-anesthesia consultation

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2013;16:155. doi:10.11604/pamj.2013.16.155.3263

Received: 24/08/2013 - Accepted: 03/12/2013 - Published: 22/12/2013

Key words: Aneurysm, aorta, anesthesia

© Zine el Abidine Benali et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/16/155/full

Corresponding author: Zine el Abidine Benali, Department of Anesthesiology, Chp Eddarak, Berkane, Morocco (benazine1@yahoo.fr)


Aneurysm of the thoracic and abdominal aorta in a patient aged 67 years detected incidentally in pre-anesthesia consultation

 

Zine el Abidine Benali1,&, Hatim Abdedaim2

 

1Department of Anesthesiology, CHP Eddarak, Berkane, Morocco / Department of Anesthesiology, Military Hospital Mohammed V, University Mohammed V Souissi, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

&Corresponding author
Zine el Abidine Benali, Department of Anesthesiology, CHP Eddarak, Berkane, Morocco

 

 

Images in medicine

An aneurysm is a localized irreversible dilatation of the aortic wall resulting from an alteration of elastic fibers in the media. When it is definable reached a diameter of 3.5 cm at the level of the thoracic aorta, and of 3 cm at the abdominal aorta. The main risk is rupture. It depends on the size and growth rate. Aortic aneurysm (thoracic or abdominal) is a lethal injury that requires surgery when its diameter is 5 cm. This is the limit beyond which the risk of rupture exceeds the risk of operative mortality if proper patient selection is made, from the evaluation of their heart, lung and kidney reserves. Abdominal ultrasound has become the easiest and most reproducible for screening, only the anteroposterior and transverse diameters must be selected .Early detection of aneurysms and their surgical correction before the rupture therefore become a reality. Stents recently proposed as less invasive option to open surgery for patients at high risk.The screening is a reasonable option for people at risk. Thus, in Britain, an abdominal ultrasound is recommended for all men over 65 years.We report the case of patient a 67 years old, hypertensive under treatment two years ago, followed for kidney failure one year ago, saw pre-anesthesia consultation coupled with a cardiac and abdominal ultrasound bedside, for breast tumor with occasional abdominal pain, revealed fortuitously an aneurysm of the ascending aorta of 7.5 cm diameter, 5.7 cm of the descending thoracic aorta, and 6.3 cm of the abdominal aorta below the renal arteries associated with thrombus.Given the high risk of rupture any time, the patient is referred by treatment with an inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzyme ,statin and antiplatelet therapy at low doses to the cardiovascular consultation , to discuss the treatment of aneurysm first before any surgery .

 

 

Figures

Figure 1: Ultrasound images A and B) Parasternal long-axis 2D echocardiographic image showing an aneurysm of the ascending and descending thoracic aorta; C) apical four cavity 2D echocardiographic image showing dilatation of the thoracic aorta with compression of the left atrium simulating liquid mass para cardiac; D) transverse abdominal 2D echographic image through the abdominal aorta below the renal arteries showing aneurysm at 6.3 cm diameter anteroposterior strict without inclination, with thrombus 3.5 / 2 cm.(LA: left atrium, LV: left ventricle, RV: right ventricle, RA: right atrium Red arrow: thrombus)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The Pan African Medical Journal articles are archived on Pubmed Central. Access PAMJ archives on PMC here

Volume 28 (September - December 2017)

Article tools

This article authors

On Pubmed
On Google Scholar

Navigate this article

Rate this article

Altmetric

PAMJ is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics
Next abstract

PAMJ is published in collaboration with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET)
Currently tracked by: DOAJ, AIM, Google Scholar, AJOL, EBSCO, Scopus, Embase, IC, HINARI, Global Health, PubMed Central, PubMed/Medline, Ulrichsweb, More to come . Member of COPE.

ISSN: 1937-8688. © 2017 - Pan African Medical Journal. All rights reserved