Bilateral plantar deep cleft
Caio Cavalcante Machado, Fred Bernardes Filho
The Pan African Medical Journal. ;28:312. doi:10.11604/pamj..28.312.14502

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Bilateral plantar deep cleft

Caio Cavalcante Machado, Fred Bernardes Filho
Pan Afr Med J. 2017; 28:312. doi:10.11604/pamj.2017.28.312.14502. Published 15 Dec 2017

A 37-year-old previously healthy woman presented with fever, headache, erythematous rash and joint pain. She did not experience cough, coryza, sore throat, diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting. Positive findings on physical examination included erythematous follicular macules and papules on the trunk and arms, swollen ankles and hyperemic sclera. We found a coincidental clinical finding: bilateral plantar deep cleft Radiography of the feet showed third and fourth metatarsal shortening along without osteodystrophic features. Laboratory tests revealed positivity for immunoglobulin M antibodies to Zika vírus. Blood count, electrolytes, serum measurements of calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone were normal. The diagnosis of Zika virus infection was made and fortuitously, brachymetatarsia was identified. Brachymetatarsia is an uncommon condition of the foot characterized by shortening of the metatarsal of the foot and when present, it is usually asymptomatic. It can be either uni or bilateral and can affect any of the metatarsal bones. Brachymetatarsia may be congenital or idiopathic in etiology and may be associated with systemic diseases such as pseudo-hyperparathyroidism, Turner's syndrome, Down's syndrome, Apert syndrome, enchondromatosis, multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, sickle cell anemia and poliomyelitis. Brachymetatarsia may affect one or more metatarsals and may be unilateral or bilateral.

Corresponding author:
Fred Bernardes Filho, Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

©Caio Cavalcante Machado et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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