Ebola in West Africa: before, now and then
Raoul Kamadjeu
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2015;22 (Supp 1):1. doi:10.11604/pamj.supp.2015.22.1.8145

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Ebola in West Africa: before, now and then

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2015;22 (Supp 1):1. doi:10.11604/pamj.supp.2015.22.1.8145

Received: 07/10/2015 - Accepted: 08/10/2015 - Published: 10/10/2015

Key words: Ebola, EVD, West Africa, Health system, outbreak

© Raoul Kamadjeu et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/series/22/1/1/full

Corresponding author: Managing Editor, The Pan African Medical Journal, Nairobi, Kenya (raoul.kamadjeu@panafrican-med-journal.com)

This article is published as part of the supplement “Ebola in West Africa. Before, now and then” sponsored by Pan African Medical Journal and African Field Epidemiology Network

Guest editors: Raoul Kamadjeu, Sheba Nakacubo Gitta

Ebola in West Africa. Before, now and then


Raoul Kamadjeu1,&


1The Pan African Medical Journal, Nairobi, Kenya



&Corresponding author
Raoul Kamadjeu, Managing editor, Pan African Medical, Nairobi, Kenya




In December 2013, a case of Ebola was reported from Guéckédou, a forested area of Guinea near the border with Liberia and Sierra Leone. In 2014, the worst epidemic of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) the world has ever seen is still ongoing in West Africa. According to the World Health Organization Ebola situation report [1], more than 28,400 cases and 11,300 fatalities have been reported from 6 countries in West Africa by September 2015.


The disease laid bare the extreme weakness of the health care system in these countries; consequence of decades of civil war, chronic underfunding, mismanagement and chronic underdevelopment. The trail of devastation left behind by the disease will be felt for the years to come. The socio-economic fabric of the affected countries was shattered putting development targets in jeopardy; time honored traditions and ways of life were revoked, community trust in health care service was damaged and the meager healthcare workforce at the forefront in the fight against the outbreak was decimated. From an initial slow and highly criticized global response, the EVD outbreak became a critical turning point in global outbreak response; it tested the ability of various organizations, charities and national governments to collaborate in an unprecedented way. The Ebola outbreak was a wakeup call for national governments and the international community to strengthen preparedness and response capacities in Africa and elsewhere in order to deal with the inevitable next outbreak.


A lot has been said on the lessons African governments and the international community should draw from the Ebola outbreak. Topping that list is the need to build or rebuild strong and resilient health care systems backed by a well-trained and highly motivated workforce and able to provide basic health services to and with the communities and fit to timely detect and respond to diseases of epidemic potential. The outbreak also highlighted the need to accelerate research and development around the diagnostic, treatment and vaccination against EVD. While resilient population in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinee are picking up the pieces and going through what will be a long recovery process, African governments should lean towards a continentally or regionally focused approach to public health response; this can be done through existing continental and regional bodies or mechanisms, with support of traditional and new partners. Another outbreak will hit, but when it does, it should not be business as usual, it should find us prepared.



Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.




  1. WHO Ebola Situation Report. Available at: http://apps.who.int/ebola/ebola-situation-reports. Accessed 08 Oct 2015.






















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