A case of dysphagia
George Sarin Zacharia, Sandesh Kolassery
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2014;17:56. doi:10.11604/pamj.2014.17.56.3876

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Images in medicine

A case of dysphagia

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2014;17:56. doi:10.11604/pamj.2014.17.56.3876

Received: 16/01/2014 - Accepted: 18/01/2014 - Published: 25/01/2014

Key words: Dysphagia, esophageal strictures, radiation therapy

© George Sarin Zacharia et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/17/56/full

Corresponding author: George Sarin Zacharia, Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Government Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, India (george_lenx@yahoo.com)


A case of dysphagia

 

George Sarin Zacharia1,&, Sandesh Kolassery1

 

1Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Government Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, India

 

 

&Corresponding author
George Sarin Zacharia, Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Government Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, India

 

 

Image in medicine

Esophageal strictures commonly complicate radiation therapy for neck and thoracic malignancies. We here report a case of radiation induced stricture esophagus and illustrate the classical barium esophagogram in this condition. 58 year old male with past history of carcinoma esophagus treated with radiotherapy had presented with recurrence of dysphagia. Dysphagia was insidious in onset and was predominantly for solids than liquids. Physical examination was normal except for gross emaciation. Hemogram and routine biochemical panel were within normal limits. Barium swallow revealed significant mid-esophageal luminal narrowing with significant contrast pooling above. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed luminal narrowing at 25cms from the incisors; it was not possible to negotiate through the stricture. At endoscopy mucosa appeared normal except for minimal erythema. Mucosal biopsies revealed only normal stratified squamous epithelium and no evidence of neoplasm. Contrast computed tomography revealed no evidence of tumor recurrence or metastasis or lymphadenopathy. Patient was managed with serial dilatation with Savary Guillard dilators. Patient improved with treatment and is currently able to take oral feeds. Stricture is commonly reported to develop in 2-3 weeks to 4-8 months after radiation exposure, though late presentations also can occur. In patients presenting with dysphagia following radiotherapy for carcinoma esophagus it is always important to rule out residual or recurrent neoplasm with endoscopy and imaging. Esophageal dilatation with or without stenting is the current treatment of choice.

Figure 1: Barium esophagogram showing mid-esophageal stricture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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